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Diego Riccioly
Diego Riccioly

Learn How to Download and Install Kali Linux on Your System


Kali Linux Download: A Complete Guide




Kali Linux is a popular and powerful Linux distribution that is designed for various information security tasks, such as penetration testing, security research, computer forensics, and reverse engineering. It comes with more than 600 pre-installed tools that cover every aspect of security assessment and hacking. It is also free, open-source, and customizable.


If you are interested in downloading and installing Kali Linux on your computer, this article will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to do it. You will learn about the system requirements, the download options, and the installation methods for Kali Linux. By the end of this article, you will be able to choose the best way to get Kali Linux on your system and start using it for your security projects.




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System Requirements




Before you download and install Kali Linux, you need to make sure that your computer meets the minimum or recommended system requirements for running it. Depending on what you want to do with Kali Linux, you may need more or less powerful hardware and software components.


According to the official documentation, here are the system requirements for Kali Linux:


Requirement


Minimum


Recommended


RAM


128 MB (512 MB optimally)


2 GB or more


Disk space


2 GB


20 GB or more


CPU


32 or 64 bit (single core) with 1 GHz speed or better


64 bit (multi core) with 2 GHz speed or better


Graphics card and monitor


Standard definition


High definition


Internet connection


Broadband


Broadband


Bootable device


CD/DVD drive or USB stick


CD/DVD drive or USB stick



To check if your system meets these requirements, you can use various commands and tools in your current operating system. For example, you can use lscpu, free -m, df -h, lspci -v grep VGA, etc. in Linux, or wmic cpu get name, currentclockspeed, numberofcores /format:list , wmic memorychip get capacity /format:list , wmic logicaldisk get size,freespace,caption /format:list , wmic path win32_VideoController get name /format:list , etc. in Windows.


Download Options




There are different ways to download Kali Linux images from the official website. You can choose between directly downloading the ISO or IMG files, or using torrent files. You can also choose between different types of images, such as installer images, live images, virtual machine images, ARM images, etc.


The most common way to download Kali Linux is to use the installer images, which allow you to install Kali Linux on your hard disk or USB drive. These images are available for both amd64 (64-bit) and i386 (32-bit) architectures. You can also choose between different desktop environments, such as Xfce (default), GNOME, KDE, etc.


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To download the installer images, you can go to the downloads page and choose the image that suits your system and preference. For example, if you want to download the 64-bit Xfce installer image, you can click on the Kali Linux 64-Bit (Installer) button. This will start the direct download of the ISO file, which is about 4 GB in size.


Alternatively, you can use the torrent files to download the Kali Linux images. This is a faster and more reliable way to download large files, as it uses a peer-to-peer network to distribute the data. To use this option, you need to have a torrent client installed on your system, such as qBittorrent, Transmission, or uTorrent. You can then go to the downloads page and click on the Torrent link next to the image you want to download. This will open the torrent file in your torrent client and start the download process.


Another way to download Kali Linux is to use the live images, which allow you to run Kali Linux from a CD/DVD or USB drive without installing it on your hard disk. This is useful if you want to test Kali Linux or use it for a specific task without affecting your current operating system. The live images are also available for both amd64 and i386 architectures, and for different desktop environments. You can download them from the same downloads page by clicking on the Kali Linux 64-Bit (Live) or Kali Linux 32-Bit (Live) buttons.


If you want to run Kali Linux on a virtual machine, such as VirtualBox or VMware, you can download the virtual machine images, which are pre-built and ready-to-use. These images are available for both amd64 and i386 architectures, and for different desktop environments. You can download them from the official Offensive Security website by choosing the image that matches your virtualization software and preference.


Finally, if you want to run Kali Linux on an ARM device, such as a Raspberry Pi, an Android phone, or a Chromebook, you can download the ARM images, which are customized for different models and platforms. These images are available for various ARM architectures, such as armel, armhf, arm64, etc. You can download them from the same downloads page by clicking on the Kali Linux ARM Images button.


How to Verify the Integrity and Authenticity of the Images




Before you install Kali Linux on your system, it is important to verify the integrity and authenticity of the images you downloaded. This is to ensure that the images are not corrupted or tampered with during the download process or by malicious actors.


To verify the integrity of the images, you need to compare their checksums with the ones provided by the official website. A checksum is a unique string of characters that is generated from a file using a mathematical algorithm. If two files have the same checksum, it means they are identical and have not been altered.


To verify the authenticity of the images, you need to check their digital signatures with the ones provided by the official website. A digital signature is a cryptographic mechanism that proves that a file was created or approved by a trusted source. If a file has a valid digital signature, it means it has not been forged or modified by unauthorized parties.


To perform these verification steps, you need to have some tools installed on your system, such as sha256sum, gpg, or Kleopatra. You also need to download the checksums file and the signing key from the official website. You can then follow these instructions:



  • Open a terminal window and navigate to the folder where you downloaded the Kali Linux image and the checksums file.



  • Type sha256sum -c kali-linux-2023.4-installer-amd64.iso.sha256sum (replace with your image name) and press Enter. This will compare the checksum of your image with the one in the file and display either OK or FAILED.



  • If you see OK, it means your image is intact and has not been corrupted. If you see FAILED, it means your image is damaged or incomplete and you need to download it again.



  • Type gpg --import kali-archive-key.asc and press Enter. This will import the signing key into your keyring.



  • Type gpg --verify kali-linux-2023.4-installer-amd64.iso .sig (replace with your image name and signature file name) and press Enter. This will check the signature of your image with the one in the file and display either Good signature or Bad signature.



If you see Good signature, it means your image is authentic and has not b


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